Research

Allergic asthma, allergies may be associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases

Allergic asthma, allergies may be associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases

When most people think of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes likely come to mind. But mounting evidence from both basic research and clinical studies point to another common condition that may be associated with risk of CVD: allergic asthma. In a review paper published in …

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Immunotherapy combined with chemoradiation and surgery could help treat nonmetastatic gastroesophageal cancer

Immunotherapy has transformed treatment for patients with stage 4 metastatic esophageal and gastric cancers. In patients with these malignancy, immunotherapy has been shown to prolong survival when patients’ tumors exhibit a high expression of an immune-related protein called PD-L1. Researchers are now investigating whether immunotherapy benefits patients who do not have stage 4 metastatic disease. …

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Robotic surgery reduces readmissions, benefits patients’ overall recovery

A new study, published in JAMAhas found that robotic surgery reduces the chance of readmission by half (52 per cent), and revealed a “striking” four-fold (77 per cent) reduction in prevalence of blood clots (deep vein thrombus and pulmonary emboli) – a significant cause of health decline and morbidity – when compared to patients who …

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Black adults with normal lung function found to have emphysema after race-based adjustments to spirometry

A significant percentage of Black men found to have normal lung function after race-based adjustments to spirometry were actually found to have emphysema on their computed tomography (CT) scans, according to research published at the ATS 2022 international conference. Black adults in the US are more likely to have unrecognized emphysema than white adults. This …

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Stressed Out? Sharing That With Others May Make You Seem More Likeable

Humans behave in strange ways. We readily reveal our inner feelings during moments of weakness, which doesn’t seem like the smart thing to do. Just by observing someone’s behavior, we can tell when they are in pain, frustrated or upset. Surely the best strategy is to try and conceal weakness? Why run the risk of …

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New implantable device enables wireless real-time monitoring of hemodynamics

Vascular diseases are public enemy number one: the leading killers worldwide, accounting for nearly a third of all human deaths on the planet. Continuous monitoring of hemodynamics – blood flow through the vascular system – can improve treatments and patient outcomes. But deadly conditions like hypertension and atherosclerosis occur in long and twisting vascular system …

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Tobacco tax may be associated with higher e-cigarette use among young people

Overall, most adolescents who experiment with vaping don’t develop an addiction, but the way tobacco products were taxed may be linked with higher e-cigarette use among young people, according to new University of Queensland research. lead author Dr. Gary Chan from UQ’s National Center for Youth Substance Use Research said the UQ study analyzed data …

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New ‘virtual clinician and coach’ care model to provide personalized pain care for young people

Curtin researchers will develop a system that uses artificial intelligence to provide fast and personalized care for young people living with chronic musculoskeletal pain, as part of a new Curtin-led project that has been supported by the Federal Government. Chief Investigator Professor Helen Slater, from the Curtin School of Allied Health, said the aim was …

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CDC study of pregnant women hospitalized with COVID in 2021 found 93% not vaccinated

In a recent study posted to the Research Square* preprint server, researchers assessed the characteristics and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pregnant women. Various studies have reported that pregnant women are at a higher risk of severe disease outcomes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections. Despite this, a significant number …

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Inexpensive daily diet supplementation in pregnancy can reduce complications at birth, study shows

A six-year study of nearly 100,000 women in Botswana has provided new evidence that relatively inexpensive daily diet supplementation of iron, folic acid and vitamin supplementation in pregnancy can reduce complications at birth. Researchers found that iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS), as well as iron and folic acid plus essential vitamins and trace minerals …

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